Traditional medicine has a holistic approach i.e., viewing man in his totality within a wide ecological spectrum and of emphasizing the viewpoint thatill-health or disease is brought about not only by the causative agent and of pathogenic evolution, but also by an imbalance or disequilibrium of man in his total ecological system.
Ayurveda, the basic science of life is the knowledge that describes or indicates the four stages of life, the appropriate and inappropriate, happy and sorrowful conditions along with what is good and bad for longevity as well as measurement of life itself. Ayurveda is completely based on the ‘Theory of Pancha mahabuta’ and aim for equilibrium between the influences of the five elements on the five senses of body.
Panchakarma is a special offshoot of Ayurveda that deals with healing. In this system of medicine, to maintain positive health and to be free from any disease, the special line of treatment adopted right from good olden days, dates back to 5000 B.C., is Panchakarma therapy. It is designed to achieve the greater efficiency in treating a disease as well as of medicines and diet.
Panchakarmas are the therapeutic means of eliminating toxins from the body. It is a series of five therapies or steps that help in removing deep rooted impurities from the physiology while balancing the doshas- those humors or forces that govern all the biological function. These five basic cleansing procedures are named as “Shodhana chikitsa”. They go as: