Infertility is generally defined as one year of unprotected intercourse without conception. Sub fertility to describe women or couples who are not sterile but exhibit decreased reproductive efficiency.
According to the WHO report about 2-10% of couples worldwide are unable to conceive primarily and about 60-80% couples in the world are infertile. It is estimated that 10% of normally fertile couples fail to conceive within their first year of attempt. Further 10-25% couples experience secondary infertility. Among these couples, causative factors are found about 30-40% in females and 10-30% in males. Genetic factors, changed lifestyle, increased stress and environmental pollution are identified as factors contributing to the rise of infertility.
All of the steps during ovulation and fertilization need to happen correctly in order to get pregnant. Sometimes the issues that cause infertility in couples are present at birth, and sometimes they develop later in life.
Infertility causes can affect one or both partners. In general:
- In about one-third of cases, there is an issue with the man
- In about one-third of cases, there is an issue with the woman
- In the remaining cases, there are issues with both the man and the woman, or no cause can be found
Ayurveda Perspective & Management of Infertility
Ayurveda, the disease entities vandhyatva & Napumsakatva are the closest approximation to female & male infertility respectively.
Ayurveda consider this problem as a cause of deterioration of quality of four factors i.e., time of ovulation, female health in context of reproductive system, quality of sperm and ovum and females proper nutrition.
According to Ayurvedic classics female infertility is failure achieve a child rather than pregnancy as Garbha srava and Mrutvatsa is also included in type of infertility.
Vajikarana is one of the eight branches of Ayurveda which specifically deals with the Shukra dhatu (semen & ovum) and sexual potencification to have healthier progeny.
Main Ayurvedic treatment goals are
- Functional optimization of reproductive tissues (arthava- and shukra-dhatu) of both sexes
According to Ayurveda, reproductive health is primarily determined by the health of tissue metabolism and tissue nutrition, both being ultimate requirements for conception.
The unique feature of the Ayurvedic approach to fertility is that it emphasizes improving the overall health of the prospective parents. Fertility therefore may ensue partly due to improved overall health.
At CHARAKA, we provide a very effective, holistic and wide range of treatment modalities for infertility based on classical principles of Ayurveda literature. Hundreds of formulations, herbs and recipes, variety of Panchakarma and rejuvenation therapies are advocated to achieve fertility.
The treatment of Infertility comprises of administration of rasayana and vajikara dravyas or medicines (virilificatory or aphrodisiacs) internally, Panchakarma & Vajikarana therapies for detoxification and rejuvenation of reproductive system.
Apart from regular Panchakarma procedures, Uttara vasti is a special & highly acclaimed procedure in Ayurveda to treat Infertility. It is introduction of medicate oil or decoction into the uterus in females through the cervix in females and into the bladder through urethra in males.
Along with these, diet and lifestyle modifications are also advocated which will not only help in better conception but also in producing healthy offspring.